From George Washington to Sidi Mohammed, 1 December 1789
[New York, 1 December 1789]
Great and Magnanimous Friend,
Since the Date of the Letter, which the late Congress (meaning the old Congress is gone), by their President, addressed to your Imperial Majesty, the United States of America have thought proper to change their Government (moving from the Articles of Confederation (Moors Constitution) into the Constitution of the United States) , and to institute a new one, agreeable to the Constitution, of which I have the Honor of, herewith, enclosing a Copy. (Washington gave a copy to the Emperor of Morocco to approve it or not. Why would he have to give the Emperor a copy?) The Time necessarily employed in this arduous (difficult) Task, and the Derangements (the act of deranging, insanity, disarrangement; disorder) occasioned by so great, though peaceable a Revolution (an overthrow or repudiation and the thorough replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed), will apologize (the United States was supposed to tell the Emperor what they were doing and they didn't), and account for your Majesty’s not having received those regular Advices (an opinion or recommendation offered as a guide to action, conduct, etc.), and Marks of Attention (United States was suppose to give the Emperor updates & they didn't. Why was that so important, unless they were on the Emperor's land!), from the United States, which the Friendship and Magnanimity (generous in forgiving an insult or injury) of your Conduct, towards them (United States), afforded Reason to expect.(United States was begging the Emperor not to destroy them!)
The United States, having unanimously appointed me (George Washington) to the supreme executive Authority, in this Nation, your Majesty’s Letter of the 17th August 1788, which, by Reason of the Dissolution (the closing down or dismissal of an assembly, partnership, or official body) of the late Government (they dissolved the Moors government or took over & created a new one after the Civil War!), remained unanswered (because the United States wanted to create a government & it went unanswered by default they took over the government of the Moors ), has been delivered to me. I have also received the Letters which your Imperial Majesty has been so kind as to write, in Favor of the United States, to the Bashaws of Tunis and Tripoli (those are the other treaties United States had with the Moors), and I present to you the sincere acknowledgments, and Thanks of the United States, for this important Mark of your Friendship for them.
We greatly regret that the hostile Disposition of those Regencies, towards this Nation, who have never injured them, is not to be removed, on Terms in our Power to comply with. Within our Territories there are no Mines, either of Gold, or Silver, and this young Nation, just recovering from the Waste and Desolation of a long War, have not, as yet, had Time to acquire Riches by Agriculture and Commerce. But our Soil is bountiful, and our People industrious; and we have Reason to flatter ourselves, that we shall gradually become useful to our Friends.
The Encouragement which your Majesty has been pleased, generously, to give to our Commerce with your Dominions (sovereignty; control, the territory of a sovereign or government, domination) (the Emperor gave the United States permission to do commerce on his LAND! They had to pay the Emperor money to be on his LAND & the United States had to use a banner to identify themselves, which is the "peace flag of the U.S."); the Punctuality with which you have caused the Treaty with us to be observed, and the just and generous Measures taken, in the Case of Captain Proctor (He went on the Sullivan Expedition against the Iroquois Nation in 1779), made a deep Impression on the United States, and confirm their Respect for, and Attachment (an extra part or extension that is or can be attached to something to perform a particular function) to your Imperial (relating to an empire) Majesty. (United States is attached or a part of the Empire of Morocco, America is Morocco!)
It gives me Pleasure to have this Opportunity of assuring your Majesty that, while I remain at the Head of this Nation, I shall not cease to promote every Measure that may conduce (help to bring about) to the Friendship and Harmony, which so happily subsist (maintain or support, remain in being, force or effect) between your Empire and them, and shall esteem myself happy in every Occasion of convincing your Majesty of the high Sense (which in common with the whole Nation) I entertain of the Magnanimity, Wisdom, and Benevolence of your Majesty.
In the Course of the approaching Winter, the national Legislature (which is called by the former Name of Congress) will assemble, and I shall take Care that Nothing be omitted that may be necessary to cause the Correspondence (communication by exchanging letters with someone), between our Countries, to be maintained and conducted in a Manner agreeable to your Majesty, and satisfactory to all the Parties concerned in it.
May the Almighty bless your Imperial Majesty, our great and magnanimous Friend, with his constant Guidance and Protection. Written at the City of New York the first Day of December 1789.